The disclosure of privacy involves not only the users' locations and queries data, but also the users' identities, interests, social habits, behavior patterns and privacy hidden in these data. A review of privacy preserving for location-based services (LBS) is provided. The application scenarios of location services is introduced, the method of location privacy attack is given. The existing research on the privacy protection system structure and protection technology is summarized. Finally, future research is prospected, and a cache-based spatiotemporal disturbance method and LBS privacy protection metric hypothesis scheme are proposed.